• Home
  • news
  • What are the types and definitions of fabric?
What are the types and definitions of fabric?

It is crucial to understand fabric, whether you are creating new clothes or cleaning old ones. This is especially true if your fabric is a valuable piece and you want it to last longer. Different fabrics can have different properties that can influence how you treat clothing. A fabric's fiber contents will have an impact on how it is washed.

Let's examine the five different types of fabric. You should keep in mind there are hundreds of kinds of fabric. This blog only focuses on the most common types.

The Different Types of Fabric

First, "fabric" refers to a material made from tying fibers together. A fabric is typically named after the person who created it. Some fabrics can even be made from a blend of different fibres. The fabric is named based on the fiber used, its texture and the production method. Some fabrics consider where the fibers were sourced.

This explains why there are actually two categories that separate types of fabric. The first is the fibers used (natural or synthetic) and then the production processes (woven or knitted).

Natural vs. Synthetic

Fabrics have a first distinction: it depends on the fiber used. There are two types, synthetic and natural.

Natural fibers can come from plants or animals. Silkworms are the source of silk, and cotton is from plants.

Synthetic fibers, however, are completely synthetic matter created by humans.

Woven vs. Knitted

The production method used is the second distinguishing feature. There are two types, woven and knitted.

Two pieces of yarn make up a woven fabric. They interweave vertically and horizontally on a weaving loom. The fabric is not stretchy because the yarn runs at 45 degrees. The fabric has a weft, which is the yarn that runs along the fabric's width, and a worp (which runs along the length of the weaving loom).

There are three types, plain weave; satin weave; and twill weaving. Popular woven fabrics include silk, chiffon (crepe), denim and linen.

A hand-knit scar is a knit fabric that has been formed into an interconnecting loop. This allows the yarn to stretch significantly. Knit fabrics have a reputation for being elastic and maintaining their shape.

There are two types if knit fabric: weft and warp-knitted. Some examples of the most popular knit fabrics are mesh, lycra, or lace.

Let's take a closer look at the 5 types of fabric.

Chiffon fabric

1. Chiffon

Chiffon fabric is a thin, lightweight, plain-woven fabric made out of twisted yarn. It gives it an almost rough feel. The yarn can be made of silk, nylon and polyester.

Chiffon can also be dyed easily and is used for dresses, scarves, blouses, and other purposes, such as wedding dresses and prom dresses.

Cotton fabric

2. Cotton

Cotton, a natural, lightweight fabric, is widely known as the most beloved material in the globe. The cotton plant seeds are used to make the fluffy fiber. This is called ginning. The fiber can then be spun into cloth where it can either be woven, or knit.

This fabric is well-respected for its durability, versatility, and comfort. It is hypoallergenic and breathable. However, it does not dry quickly. Cotton can be found on almost all clothing types: shirts to dresses to underwear. However, cotton can wrinkle and shrink.

Cotton can yield many additional fabrics such as chino or chintz, gingham or muslin.

Crepe fabric

3. Crepe

Crepe, a lightweight, twisted plain weave fabric, has a bumpy, uneven surface that doesn’t wrinkle. It can be made from cotton or silk, wool, synthetic fibers, and it is versatile. Because of this, crepes are often named after their fiber, such as crepe silk and crepe-chiffon.

Because crepe fabric is flexible, soft and comfortable, it's a popular choice for suit and dressmaking. Georgette, for example, is a type crepe fabric commonly used in designer clothes. Crepe fabric can also be used for blouses, pants and scarves.

Denim fabric

4. Denim

Denim is another kind of fabric. Denim is a weaved cotton twill fabric. It is made with entwined white cotton stuffing and cotton wrap yarn. It is well-known for its vivid texture as well as its durability, strength and comfort.

Indigo is most commonly used to dye denim blue, but it can also be used for making jackets and dresses.

Lace fabric

5. Lace

Lace, which is a looped yarn or thread made from looped and twisted yarns or thread, is elegant and delicate. It was originally made from silk, linen, and now it is made with cotton threads, wool, or synthetic fibres.