What is fabric?

It doesn't matter if you are sewing new clothes or just cleaning your old clothes, it is important to understand fabric. This is especially true for fabric that has been used a lot. Different fabrics have different properties, which can impact how you treat your clothing. The fiber content of one fabric can have a profound impact on how the garment is cleaned.

Let's have a look at five types of fabric. This will help to clarify the confusion and give you a better understanding. Keep in mind that there are many types of fabric. We will be focusing on the five most popular.

The Different Types of Fabric

First, fabric can be described as a material created by weaving fibers together. A fabric is generally named after the fiber used to make it. However, some fabrics might use a combination of several fibers. The name of the fabric will depend on the type of fiber, the texture, and the manufacturing process. Some fabrics take into account where the fibers came from.

Based on this, there are two types of categories that first distinguish different types of fabric: the fibers used and the production processes.

Natural vs. Synthetic

The type of fiber used will determine the first difference in fabrics. There are two types: synthetic and natural.

Natural fibers come from plants and animals. For instance, silk is made from silkworms while cotton comes from plants.

Synthetic fibers on the other hand are entirely made from synthetic matter that has been created by mankind.

Woven vs. Knitted

The second difference is the manufacturing process. There are two types: knitted and woven.

Woven fabrics consist of two pieces that are interwoven horizontally and vertically on the loom. Because the yarn is run at a 45 degree angle, it doesn't stretch. Woven fabrics are usually stronger and tauter than knit fabrics. The fabric is composed of a weft (when yarn runs across the fabric) as well as a warp.

There are three types if woven fabric: plain weave (suet weave), twill weave (twill weave). You can find chiffon and crepe fabrics in a variety of woven materials, such as silk, denim, linens, satin, and silk.

Think of a hand knit scar when knitting knit fabric. The yarn is made into an interconnecting loop design which allows it to stretch greatly. Knit fabrics are well-known for their ability to keep shape and elastic.

There are two types, warp-knitted knit fabric and weft knitted knit fabric. The most popular knit fabrics include lace, lycra, and mesh.

Let's now look at the five different types of fabric.

Chiffon fabric

1. Chiffon

Chiffon, a transparent, lightweight, plain-woven fabric, is made of twisted yarn. This gives it a slight rough feel. It can be made from silk or nylon, rayon, polyester, or both.

Chiffon can easily be dyed. It is often used as a fabric for scarves, blouses, and dresses, such as wedding gowns or prom dresses.

Cotton fabric

2. Cotton

The most loved material in the entire world, cotton is a lightweight, natural fabric. In a process known as ginning, the cotton plant's seeds are used to extract the fluffy fiber. The fiber is then spun into cloth that can be woven and knit.

This fabric is highly praised for its comfort, versatility, and durability. It is hypoallergenic, breathes well and does not dry quickly. It can be found in all types of clothing, including shirts, dresses and underwear. It can shrink and wrinkle however.

Many types of cotton fabrics can be made with cotton, including chino and chintz, gingham, and muslin.

Crepe fabric

3. Crepe

Crepe is lightweight, twisted plain-woven fabric. It has a rough, bumpy texture that doesn't wrinkle. It can be made of cotton, silk or wool and is versatile. This is why crepe is called crepe silk, crepe chiffon, or crepe silk.

Because it is soft, flexible and easy to work in, crepe is often used for dressmaking. Georgette is one example of a crepe fabric used in designer clothes. Crepe is also used to make blouses, skirts, scarves, and pants.

Denim fabric

4. Denim

Denim is another type. Denim, a woven cotton weave fabric, is made of entwined cotton wrapping yarn and white cotton stuffing. It is known for its vivid texture and durability as well as its comfort.

Indigo is the most common dye used in denim to create blue jeans. But, it's also used to dye jackets or dresses.

Lace fabric

5. Lace

Lace is a beautiful, delicate fabric made with looped or twisted yarn or thread. It was originally made out of silk and linen. But lace is now made using cotton thread, wool, and synthetic fibers.